Case Studies of Social-Ecological Systems

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Dhap Kulo, Dhap Village, Thamalangtar Dhap Village Panchayat, Sindhupalchok District, Nepal

Case
This case is part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati River Basin that participated in an innovative intervention designed to improve irrigation performance not only by improving physical...
09 Aug 2016

Deulgaon forest community, Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India

Case
The Deulgaon forest community is located approximately 18 km from the town of Dhanora in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, India.  It encompasses a geographical area of 718.48 ha of which 601.37 ha are community forest.  The case study involves an undetermined snapshot in time and catalogues an action situation involving 173 community members organized in 33 households which are dependent on the forest for fuelwood, fodder, timber, and wildlife resources.  Timber and forest...
09 Aug 2016

Deh Salm Irrigation System

Case
The case of Deh Salm Irrigation takes place in the village of Deh Salm, 100 km west of Neh, the southernmost administrative center of the province of Khorasan in eastern Iran. The resource appropriated from Deh Salm Irrigation is water for irrigation and domestic uses (e.g. general washing purposes). At the beginning of the period, there was an extreme shortage of biological and physical resources withdrawn compared to the number of units available. Cultivators of this irrigation system were...
09 Aug 2016

Cowes Harbor Port Authority: Multi-use CPR with Oyster Fishery, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom

Case
Cowes Harbor is a part of the Medina Estuary at the mouth of the River Medina where it enters The Solent, a 5km wide channel between the northern most point of the Isle of Wight and the English mainland in the United Kingdom. The case study discusses the institutional arrangements conducted by the Cowes Harbor Commission (CHC) over approximately one hundred years of operation (1897 – 1997). Multiple uses take place in the harbor which are overseen by the CHC, including shipping, transportation...
09 Aug 2016

Coqueiral Raft Fishery, Brazil

Case
Coqueiral is a coastal community located in the Guaiamu county in the state of Alagoas, in northeast Brazil. The original study, which was carried out in 1965, catalogued approximately 85 active fishermen. The resource units are a range of coastal fishes that vary depending on seasonal migration of fish species and type of rafts. Few commonly caught fish species are bagre (Tachysurus sp.) or catfish, barbudo (Polynemus virginicus), and mackerel. Majority of fishermen alternate between fishing...
09 Aug 2016

Conflict between groups of players in coupled socio-economic and ecological dynamics

Case
This is a placeholder case for the model for the same name. Please revise case information to reflect the case study represented in the model.
09 Aug 2016

Computer Modeling of the Immune System Reconstruction after Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

Case
Attention is focused on the immune system reconstruction and the process of production of T- and B- lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells after autologous haematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT). The mathematical model for leukopoiesis proposed in Periodic oscillations in leukopoiesis models with two delays is used as an initial point for investigations. HSCs in bone marrow are presented as two descrite groups: proliferating cell and non-proliferating (quiescent) cells. Quiescent...
03 Oct 2016

Community-based drinking water governance regimes in Čadrg

Case
Čadrg is a scattered mountain village in the southern part of the Western Julian Alps in western Slovenia. It belongs to the Municipality of Tolmin, which is characterized by its position near the border, its inaccessibility, being demographically threatened, and a peripheral location. Čadrg has forty-five permanent residents, and its high percentage of young residents means it is one of the few mountain villages in the municipality with good prospects for the future.The village community has...
09 Jun 2017

Community forest, Jyalachitti, Kabhrepalanchok district, Nepal (II)

Case
This article examines the role played by local institutions in determining the conditions of two forests located in the Middle Hills of Nepal. Of the two forest systems (the forest, its users, and forest governance system combined) located within the Kabhrepalanchok district, one is Jyalachitti. The findings show that the two forests are different in level of historical degradation as well as present conditions, and these differences are generally explained by the structural...
09 Aug 2016

Community forest, Dhulikhelko Thulo Ban, Kabhrepalanchok district, Nepal (I)

Case
This article examines the role played by local institutions in determining the conditions of two forests located in the Middle Hills of Nepal. Of the two forest systems (the forest, its users, and forest governance system combined) located within the Kabhrepalanchok district, one is Dhulikhelko Thulo Ban (hereafter, Dhulikhel). The findings show that the two forests are different in level of historical degradation as well as present conditions, and these differences are...
09 Aug 2016

Community coral reef fishery, Muluk village, Karkar Island, Papua New Guinea

Case
The Muluk community coral reef fishery is located on the eastern side of Karkar Island off the northern shores of the Madang Province in Papua New Guinea. Karkar Island is a volcanic island with substantial terrestrial resources. The Muluk community consists of 330 people in 50 households, with just 5% depending on fishing as their primary occupation. The original case authors focus on the socioeconomic factors and context which influence the success of marine protected areas in Papua New...
09 Aug 2016

Community coral reef fishery, Ahus village, Ahus Island, Papua New Guinea

Case
The Ahus village coral reef is located off of the west coast of Manus Island north of Karkar Island and the mainland of Papua New Guinea. Approximately 600 residents live on a small (28 ha), densely populated, low-lying island with few terrestrial resources. A reported 77% of the population depends upon fishing as their primary occupation. The original case authors focus on the socioeconomic factors and context which influence the success of marine protected areas in Papua New Guinea.The case...
09 Aug 2016

Community and Forest: Environmental Narratives in Ikaria island, Greece

Case
Τhis case concerns the Radi forest in Ikaria Island, Greece. It is revealed the role of local, community institutions, and the external institutional context in the organization process of people and forest. This work synthesizes and analyzes, by historical ethnography, the socio-ecological system, its origins and the conditions that contributed to the emergence and establishment of this system. The invention and the appliance of management plans by the self-organized community in Ikaria...
16 Aug 2019

Communal water resources management, Nkayi District, Zimbabwe

Case
This case was part of a study to determine whether the institutional design principles of Ostrom where, in fact, related to "governance success" by Cox et al.  In that analysis, this case was classified as a success.
09 Aug 2016

Communal irrigation management, Lari, Colca Valley, Peru

Case
This study focuses on water use in irrigation.  The case is characterized by well-defined boundaries: Once water enters an irrigation cluster it comes under the control of the landowners. There is evidence of congruence between appropriation and provision rules and local conditions as water is distributed according to time sequence (p. 57), spatial sequence (p. 58), and crop irrigation sequence (p. 59, 105). The sequence can be adjusted within a irrigation cluster since microclimates,...
09 Aug 2016