A Review of Design Principles for Community-based Natural Resource Management

TitleA Review of Design Principles for Community-based Natural Resource Management
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsCox M, Arnold G, Villamajor Tomas S
JournalEcology and Society
Volume15
Issue4
Pagination38
Source DocumentAccessible with appropriate permission
Displaying 1 - 15 of 63 records found.
Title
Type

Large N Comparative Studies of Ostrom's Design Principles

Case
There have been a number of studies that focus on testing whether and in what contexts Ostrom's institutional design principles may lead to successful governance of common-pool resources.  The study of Cox et al. (see sources) coded the presence or absence of each of 8 design principles and success in 62 cases and found that the likelihood of success and the presence of individual design principles is positively correlated.   However, because institutions are systems, it is...
13 Jul 2017

Taos valley acequias community-based irrigation system, Taos, New Mexico, USA

Case
Key findings: The Taos valley acequias have survived for several hundred years as a community-based irrigation system due to a mix of social and biophysical features. These include: A low-cost decentralized monitoring system that is enabled by both water distribution institutions and the geographic location of users Multiple levels of governance built up by key actors within each acequia A system of shallow groundwater aquifers which are particularly important during droughts, and which are...
09 Aug 2016

Deulgaon forest community, Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India

Case
The Deulgaon forest community is located approximately 18 km from the town of Dhanora in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, India.  It encompasses a geographical area of 718.48 ha of which 601.37 ha are community forest.  The case study involves an undetermined snapshot in time and catalogues an action situation involving 173 community members organized in 33 households which are dependent on the forest for fuelwood, fodder, timber, and wildlife resources.  Timber and forest...
09 Aug 2016

San Martin Ocotlán community forest management, Oaxaca, Mexico

Case
The San Martin Ocotlán forest community encompasses a total of six settlements located in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, of which San Martin Ocotlán is the largest.  The community has de jure rights to 13,000 ha of common property pine and oak forests.  The case study involves a time period from approximately 1958 to the mid to late 1990s and catalogues an action situation involving approximately 3,300 residents organized in circa 600 households, who supplement their subsistence maize farming...
09 Aug 2016

Ranvahi forest community, Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India

Case
The Ranvahi forest community is located approximately 25 km from the town of Kurkheda in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, India.  It encompasses a geographical area of 924.43 ha of which 641.71 ha are community forest.  The case study involves an undetermined snapshot in time and catalogues an action situation involving 393 community members organized in 81 households which are dependent on the forest for fuelwood, fodder, timber, water, and wildlife, among others.  Timber...
09 Aug 2016

Rural coastal fishing community, south of Mombasa, Kenya

Case
The fishing community contained in this case study is located approximately 50 km south of the city of Mombasa on the coast of Kenya, outside of the Diani/Chale National Marine Park and Reserve. The village has an estimated 1000 inhabitants in approximately 200 households. Approximately 44% of the households in the community are directly involved in fishery extraction and the community is considered economically dependent on the marine fishery. The original case study authors focused on social...
09 Aug 2016

Community coral reef fishery, Muluk village, Karkar Island, Papua New Guinea

Case
The Muluk community coral reef fishery is located on the eastern side of Karkar Island off the northern shores of the Madang Province in Papua New Guinea. Karkar Island is a volcanic island with substantial terrestrial resources. The Muluk community consists of 330 people in 50 households, with just 5% depending on fishing as their primary occupation. The original case authors focus on the socioeconomic factors and context which influence the success of marine protected areas in Papua New...
09 Aug 2016

Community coral reef fishery, Ahus village, Ahus Island, Papua New Guinea

Case
The Ahus village coral reef is located off of the west coast of Manus Island north of Karkar Island and the mainland of Papua New Guinea. Approximately 600 residents live on a small (28 ha), densely populated, low-lying island with few terrestrial resources. A reported 77% of the population depends upon fishing as their primary occupation. The original case authors focus on the socioeconomic factors and context which influence the success of marine protected areas in Papua New Guinea.The case...
09 Aug 2016

Common property regime of the Huaorani Indians, Ecuador

Case
Historically the Huaorani Indian society encompassed an area of 20,000 km2 in the Ecuadorian Amazonian region bordered on the north by the Napo River and the south by the Curaray River.  The case study involves a historical time period predating first contact with outsiders in 1958 and catalogues an action situation involving an unknown number of individuals organized in small groupings of one to two extended families with a seminomadic movement pattern of cyclical relocation to certain areas...
09 Aug 2016

Common property regime of the Huaorani Indians (modern), Ecuador

Case
Contemporary Huaorani Indian society is scattered into approximately two dozen villages located in an area that encompasses the Napo, Orellana, and Pastaza provinces in the Ecuadorian Amazon region.  The case study involves a time period from approximately 1996 to the late 1990s and catalogues an action situation involving approximately 1,500 to 2,000 individuals and an unknown number of households who depend on domestic crops, gathered wild fruits, nuts and tubers, as well as hunted game and...
09 Aug 2016

Gitksan commercial salmon fisheries along the Skeena river, British Columbia, Canada

Case
The Gitksan commercial salmon fisheries are located in west central British Columbia, Canada along a 200 kilometre length of the upper Skeena River in six reserve communities including: Kitwanga, Kispiox, Kitsegukla, Kifwancool (Gitanyow), Gitanmaax (Hazelton), and Sikadoak (Glen Vowell). The Gitksan community participates in the Skeena Fisheries Commission which works to coordinate a number of aboriginal and government agreements amongst fishing communities along the Skeena River. The...
09 Aug 2016

Oyster communities, Florida, USA

Case
The Florida oyster fishing communities are located on the Florida “panhandle” with approximately 300 kilometers of coastline on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The case study states that this is an open-access fishery but includes a limited amount of historic data on the development of community based norms and institutions for managing the fishery over time and compares them to those used in the Louisiana oyster fishing community (see related cases below). No information is provided...
09 Aug 2016

Fishing Networks Along Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia

Case
The fishery of Lake Titicaca is located off the shores of Lake Titicaca which encompasses Peru and Bolivia. The original case spans a time period from approximately the mid 1960s to the mid 1990s and catalogues an action situation involving an unknown number of fishermen organized in an unknown number of households in various villages in Peru and Bolivia.  Native and introduced fish are the fugitive resource units. The original case study authors focused on overfishing and institutional...
09 Aug 2016

Community forest, Jyalachitti, Kabhrepalanchok district, Nepal (II)

Case
This article examines the role played by local institutions in determining the conditions of two forests located in the Middle Hills of Nepal. Of the two forest systems (the forest, its users, and forest governance system combined) located within the Kabhrepalanchok district, one is Jyalachitti. The findings show that the two forests are different in level of historical degradation as well as present conditions, and these differences are generally explained by the structural...
09 Aug 2016

Water user association of the Fuente Palmera, Córdoba, Spain

Case
The Fuente y Palmera Irrigation association involves 5 municipalities (Fuente Palmera, Hornachuelos, Écija, Posadas, y Guadalcázar) in the Guadalquivir Basin, in Spain.The resource unit is surface water (mainly from Guadalquivir River). It encompasses a geographical area of 5,259 ha of irrigated land, divided in 79 groups of users. The case study spans from 1985 to 1997. The original case study authors focused on monitoring and institutional performance.  The case study has subsequently been...
09 Aug 2016