Regime shifts in a socio-ecological model of farmland abandonment

Model Description

This is a simple model with reciprocal feedbacks between social and ecological dynamics of farmland abandonment. With the rising urbanization, human migration to urban centers have increased significantly around the globe. One notable consequence of this migration pattern is that mountainous forests that had been traditionally cleared for farming are increasingly becoming abandoned. As a result, such lands likely become forests again through natural regeneration. These trends may induce two reinforcing feedbacks: (1) more migration means less farmlands due to forest regeneration and (2) less farmlands mean less economic incentives to stay in farming and more incentives to move to urban areas for better opportunities.


Figueiredo, J., & Pereira, H. M. (2011). Regime shifts in a socio-ecological model of farmland abandonment. Landscape Ecology, 26(5), 737-749. doi:10.1007/s10980-011-9605-3

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