Besi Kulo, Kot village Panchayat, Sindhupalchok District, Nepal

Resource System
Farmer-managed irrigation system (FMIS)
Resource Units

This case is part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati River Basin that participated in an innovative intervention designed to improve irrigation performance not only by improving physical irrigation infrastructure but also by enhancing farmers' organizing ability for effective operation and maintenance of the system. This project was carried out by the Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS) of Nepal and the International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)1.

The resource appropriated from Besi Kulo is water for irrigation. The Besi Kulo diverts water from Handi Kholo, a perennial snow-fed stream. There is one additional source named Chisapani Kholso that taps into Besi Kulo to irrigate part of the irrigated land in Dhap Village. The main irrigation system is approximately 3.65 meters in length. The system was constructed in 1987 with assistance from the WECS and IIMI. The irrigation system typically serves between 200-400 appropriators.

1 The IIMI is now known as the International Water Management Institute (IWMI).