A Review of Design Principles for Community-based Natural Resource Management

TitleA Review of Design Principles for Community-based Natural Resource Management
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsCox M, Arnold G, Villamajor Tomas S
JournalEcology and Society
Volume15
Issue4
Pagination38
Source DocumentAccessible with appropriate permission
Displaying 31 - 45 of 63 records found.
Titlesort descending
Type

Oyster communities, Gulf of Mexico, Alabama, USA

Case
The Alabama oyster fishing communities are located on the Gulf of Mexico with approximately 100 kilometers of coastline. The case study states that this is an open-access fishery but includes a limited amount of historic data on the development of community based norms and institutions for managing the fishery over time and compares them to those used in the Louisiana oyster fishing community (see related cases below). No information is provided on the number of users involved in the fishery at...
09 Aug 2016

Oyster communities, Gulf of Mexico, Louisiana, USA

Case
The Louisiana oyster fishing communities are located on the Gulf of Mexico with approximately 400 kilometers of coastline in a straight line from the border of Texas on the west to the border of Mississippi on the east. The case study involves historic information on the development of community based norms and institutions and a legally closed tenure structured around oyster leaseholds in Louisiana, compared to other open-access community-based oyster fisheries on the U.S. Gulf Coast. The case...
09 Aug 2016

Oyster communities, Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi, USA

Case
The Mississippi oyster fishing communities are located on the Gulf of Mexico with approximately 100 kilometers of coastline. The case study states that this is an open-access fishery but includes a limited amount of historic data on the development of community based norms and institutions for managing the fishery over time and compares them to those used in the Louisiana oyster fishing community (see related cases below). No information is provided on the number of users involved in the...
09 Aug 2016

Ranvahi forest community, Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India

Case
The Ranvahi forest community is located approximately 25 km from the town of Kurkheda in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, India.  It encompasses a geographical area of 924.43 ha of which 641.71 ha are community forest.  The case study involves an undetermined snapshot in time and catalogues an action situation involving 393 community members organized in 81 households which are dependent on the forest for fuelwood, fodder, timber, water, and wildlife, among others.  Timber...
09 Aug 2016

Rural coastal fishing community, south of Mombasa, Kenya

Case
The fishing community contained in this case study is located approximately 50 km south of the city of Mombasa on the coast of Kenya, outside of the Diani/Chale National Marine Park and Reserve. The village has an estimated 1000 inhabitants in approximately 200 households. Approximately 44% of the households in the community are directly involved in fishery extraction and the community is considered economically dependent on the marine fishery. The original case study authors focused on social...
09 Aug 2016

Rural sokshing, Bhutan (I)

Case
Following the introduction of the Forest Act of 1969 and the Forest and Nature Conservation Act of 1995, the forests of Bhutan are owned and managed by the state, and are legally classified as "Government Reserve Forest". One of two major forest-related indigenous land-use strategies is sokshing [registered leaf litter forests] that is defined as "a part of the Government Reserve Forest registered in the name of an individual and maintained aside for collection for leaf litters required for...
09 Aug 2016

San Martin Ocotlán community forest management, Oaxaca, Mexico

Case
The San Martin Ocotlán forest community encompasses a total of six settlements located in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, of which San Martin Ocotlán is the largest.  The community has de jure rights to 13,000 ha of common property pine and oak forests.  The case study involves a time period from approximately 1958 to the mid to late 1990s and catalogues an action situation involving approximately 3,300 residents organized in circa 600 households, who supplement their subsistence maize farming...
09 Aug 2016

Semi-urban sokshing, Bhutan (II)

Case
Following the introduction of the Forest Act of 1969 and the Forest and Nature Conservation Act of 1995, the forests of Bhutan are owned and managed by the state, and are legally classified as "Government Reserve Forest". One of two major forest-related indigenous land-use strategies is sokshing [registered  leat letter forests] that is defined as "a part of the Government Reserve Forest registered in the name of an individual and matained aside for collection for leaf litters required for...
09 Aug 2016

Shellfish, Wadden Sea, The Netherlands

Case
The Wadden Sea is a network of tidal channels, sandbars, mudflats, salt marshes and dune islands covering approximately 9000 km2 located at the northwest corner of the Netherlands along the North Sea and extending east along the coast of Germany and then north to Esbjerg in Denmark. The Wadden Sea is considered Europe’s largest wetland ecosystem and is also one of the largest in the world, providing high biomass production and habitat for birds, sea mammals, fish species and shellfish. The...
09 Aug 2016

Stakenet Fishery Association at Negombo Lagoon, Sri Lanka

Case
Negombo Lagoon (3,164 ha) is located on Sri Lanka's west coast -- about 30 km north of the capital Colombo. This study discusses a community-initiated common property regime in the Negombo lagoon suffering from the problem of open access. The analysis focuses on the Stake-Net Fishery Association (SNFA) in the channels of the Negombo lagoon. The SNFA is an example of a long-standing collective arrangement for successfully limiting open access. The determinants of the success of the SNFA are...
09 Aug 2016

Taos valley acequias community-based irrigation system, Taos, New Mexico, USA

Case
Key findings: The Taos valley acequias have survived for several hundred years as a community-based irrigation system due to a mix of social and biophysical features. These include: A low-cost decentralized monitoring system that is enabled by both water distribution institutions and the geographic location of users Multiple levels of governance built up by key actors within each acequia A system of shallow groundwater aquifers which are particularly important during droughts, and which are...
09 Aug 2016

The Irrigation System of Campo Montiel, La Mancha region, Spain

Case
Campo de Montiel Irrigation system is based on an aquifer of 2500 km2, but only that only 3% of it was used for agriculture. Campo de Montiel is located in La Mancha Region, in Spain. The case study involves an analysis of the evolution of the system from 1980 to 2000. The authors catalogue an action situation involving 29,000 total users that appropriate groundwater as the resource unit from the High Basin of Guadiana River, but only 101 farmers appropriate groundwater for irrigation purposes...
09 Aug 2016

The Irrigation System of La Mancha Oriental, La Mancha Region, Albacete and Cuenca provinces, Spain

Case
The Mancha Oriental Irrigation system is one aquifer of La Mancha Region, located in Albacete and Cuenca provinces in Spain. The case study involves an analysis of the evolution of the system from 1975 to 2000. The extension of the land is 8,500km2  but only 1,000Km2   is irrigated. The authors catalogue an action situation involving users that appropriates groundwater as resource units from the Júcar Hydrographic Confederation. The original case study authors focused on institutions for...
09 Aug 2016

The Irrigation System of Sol y Arena, Campo de Dalías, Almeria, Spain

Case
The Sol y Arena Irrigation system is one of the six irrigation systems (the most irrigated one) of the agricultural area of Campo de Dalías, which is located in Almería, Spain. It encompasses a geographical area of 6,000 ha. The case study involves an analysis of the evolution of the system in different stages: from 1953 in which the system was created to the date of the research in 2000. The authors catalogue an action situation involving 4095 users, of which only 2,952 are from the community...
09 Aug 2016

The Irrigation System of Sol y Poniente, Campo de Dalías, Almeria, Spain

Case
The Sol y Poniente Irrigation system is one of the six irrigation systems of the agricultural area of Campo de Dalías, which is located in Almería, Spain. The case study involves an analysis of the evolution of the system in different stages: from 1988 in which the system was created to the date of the research in 2000. The authors catalogue an action situation involving users that appropriates water from the Benínar reservoir which is a public production resource, with public distributions...
09 Aug 2016