Case Studies of Social-Ecological Systems

Titlesort ascending
Type

Irrigation watercourse, "Area Four", Taiwan

Case
The resource appropriated from this watercourse in Area Four (actual names of communities removed in case study) is water for irrigation. At the beginning of the study, the authors describe a moderate shortage of biological and physical resources withdrawn compared to the number of units available. Area Four has irrigation associations run by full-time officials, although there used to be farmers' representative committees, but at the time of the study they were temporarily suspended. There are...
09 Aug 2016

Irrigation watercourse in Punjab Province

Case
 The irrigation system being studied is located in the state of Punjab in Pakistan. The resource appropriated is water for irrigation. The authors find that farmers operate their irrigation system under a contradictory system of de jure and de facto rules. Illegal trading of water among farmers occurs frequently. Farmers use extra-legal means to obtain increased water supplies through bribes to Canal Department officials. Farmers organize predominately around brotherhood or kinship groups...
09 Aug 2016

Irrigation water management in the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin, Peru

Case
The resource appropriated from the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin is water for irrigation. There are two groups of farmers. One groups is located upstream the main canal of the system, and the second groups downstream. Upstream users are freeriding from the canal: They do not pay for the infrastructure maintenance, and at the same time they appropriate water without any formal regulation. Downstream farmers are members of an irrigation association and follow their rules. The national water law...
09 Aug 2016

Institutional features of fishery catch shares

Case
Catch shares are becoming an increasingly common mechanism to manage fishery harvests.  This case represents an analysis of the general institutional features of catch shares.  
09 Aug 2016

Institutional Analysis of Tourism system from a Commons Perspective in Upper Mustang, Nepal

Case
Before the introduction of tourism, people of Upper Mustang subsisted on only three occupations: agriculture, animal husbandry, and petty trans-Himalayan trade. The Upper Mustang region of Nepal has long been a tourist destination, especially for the westerners. Once popularly known as a Lost Kingdom of Nepal, this region is located in the rain-shadowed with harsh climatic conditions, but evokes a mystical and exotic image for tourists because of its unique landscapes and rich cultural heritage...
05 Dec 2018

Institutional Analysis of the Colorado River Delta

Case
The Colorado River delta is significantly degraded due to a history of infrastructure building resulting in changed water flows, the rise of agriculture in the semi-arid American west, increasing urbanization and over-allocation of limited reserves of water. These factors have been explored in details in this case.
09 Aug 2016

Information Provision about Algae Biocrude Innovation

Case
This case focuses on information provision by Sapphire Energy that is therefore a part of the innovation feedback system. This information is a public good because this is the information that is available for collective action. Innovation information primarily exists in other forms such as private goods and club goods, but this information cannot be used to inform our common future.  It is the provision of this public good that is the subject of analysis because it provides insight into the...
09 Aug 2016

Hydraulic Fracturing Governance, Pennsylvania

Case
Pennsylvania is the second largest national producer of natural gas. Within the natural gas system individuals have the right to lease mineral rights granting production companies the capability to extract the resource. This accessibility coupled with the widespread nature of spillover effects serves as the basis for this common pool resource study, for externalities are not limited to users of the resource.With the federal government obstaining from hyrdaulic fracturing regulation,...
18 Nov 2018

Huaynacotas Community Irrigation System in Peru

Case
The Huaynacotas community is located in the province of La Union, Department of Arequipa, in the southern highlands of Peru.  The associated canal network spans elevations from 3,100 to 4,100 meters and encompasses a geographical area of 410 ha that consists of crops that are irrigated intensively (maize and other staples) and those that are rain-fed (potatoes and tubers).  The case study involves a three and a half year snapshot in time before 2001and catalogues an action situation involving...
09 Aug 2016

Historical forest common property regime, Slovakia, central Europe

Case
The forestry sector has traditionally been a strong resort in most of Central European countries, as the forest covers approximately 30 – 40 % of the their territories. The management of forest resources is characterized by existence of a long forestry tradition, and dynamic evolution of the forest ownership structure originated in 17th century. These systems have been experiencing a range of disturbances, including change of political regimes, economic conditions and environmental changes that...
09 Aug 2016

Heterogeneity in the Commons: Hard Infrastructure and Its Effects on Collective Action and Public Goods Provisioning

Case
We compare three artisanal fisheries (Lagoon fishery in Greece; Kembong fishery in Thailand; and the Green turtle fishery in Nicaragua) and tangentially draw on three small-scale irrigation systems (Tirunelveli and Kottapalle in South India, and Nabagram in Bangladesh) in order to understand the impact of hard infrastructure on the prospects of collective action with specific reference to the rules-in-use related to common pool resource (CPR) management.  Based on the small subset of cases...
09 Aug 2016

Haskovo's Irrigation System D, southern Bulgaria

Case
The Haskovo region is located along the southern border of Bulgaria near both Turkey and Greece. The four study sites contained within the case study are deliberately kept anonymous but are representative of seventeen village case studies conducted in three regions of Bulgaria and were chosen because distorting variables could be excluded in these cases. The Haskovo study sites include smaller irrigation catchment areas and definite numbers of actors and are managed by the water users...
09 Aug 2016

Haskovo's Irrigation System C, southern Bulgaria

Case
The Haskovo region is located along the southern border of Bulgaria near both Turkey and Greece. The four study sites contained within the case study are deliberately kept anonymous but are representative of seventeen village case studies conducted in three regions of Bulgaria and were chosen because distorting variables could be excluded in these cases. The Haskovo study sites include smaller irrigation catchment areas and definite numbers of actors and are managed by the water users...
09 Aug 2016

Haskovo's Irrigation System B, southern Bulgaria

Case
The Haskovo region is located along the southern border of Bulgaria near both Turkey and Greece. The four study sites contained within the case study are deliberately kept anonymous but are representative of seventeen village case studies conducted in three regions of Bulgaria and were chosen because distorting variables could be excluded in these cases. The Haskovo study sites include smaller irrigation catchment areas and definite numbers of actors and are managed by the water users...
09 Aug 2016

Haskovo's Irrigation System A, southern Bulgaria

Case
The Haskovo region is located along the southern border of Bulgaria near both Turkey and Greece. The four study sites contained within the case study are deliberately kept anonymous but are representative of seventeen village case studies conducted in three regions of Bulgaria and were chosen because distorting variables could be excluded in these cases. The Haskovo study sites include smaller irrigation catchment areas and definite numbers of actors and are managed by the water users...
09 Aug 2016