Case Studies of Social-Ecological Systems

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Type

Paradox of marine protected areas: suppression of fishing may cause species loss

Case
This is a placeholder case for the model for the same name. Please revise case information to reflect the case study represented in the model.
09 Aug 2016

Participatory Budgeting in Porto Alegre, Brazil

Case
This case was originally researched and compiled for the SES Library by Matt Cohen in 2013 for the Arizona State University course SOS 591: Applied Robustness Analysis in Social Ecological Systems. The resource appropriated is the city's municipal budget.  Local laws enable a participatory process in which citizens influence budget allocations through collaborative deliberation.  Citizens holding neighborhood-scale interests deliberate on allocations of the city-wide budget, a finite resource...
09 Aug 2016

Parwara Van Panchayat Forest

Case
Parwara is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, India and forests comprise broad-leaved species such as oak. Resources appropriated from the Parwara forests are timber, grass, and leaves. The authors Vishwa Ballabh and Katar Singh, first visited Parwara in 1988 to evaluate the factors that enabled collective action by the panchayat. Based on the initial assessment from a Social-Ecological Sytems (SES) perspective in 1988, the Panchayat was considered successful in managing...
09 Aug 2016

Parwara Van Panchayat Forest: Social structure and exogenous drivers

Case
This paper is an extension of two prior case studies about the Parwara Van Panchayat (forest council):the 1988 Parwara Van Panchayat Forest which covered the status of this social-ecological system (SES) from approx. 1931 to 1985 (Case No. 34); andthe 2008 Parwara Van Panchayat Forest II which provided a SES update up to 2007 (Case No. 159).For purposes of this report, the SES study boundaries were extended beyond the Parwara village Van Panchayat to include an institutional analysis of various...
09 Aug 2016

Parwara village Van Panchayat: Institutional change

Case
The main appropriated resources are grass, used mainly for cattle grazing and compost, and forest tress, used mostly for fuel wood and construction timber. Almost all of the total resource units appropriated in the Parwara Van Panchayat (VP) forest are officially regulated by the Parwara Van Panchayat Committee (VPC), timber and resin are regulated by the state Forest Department. The Nainital District Magistrate, and the Van Panchayat Inspector, who is employed by the state Revenue Department,...
09 Aug 2016

Pastoral property rights in Azerbaijan

Case
rights for pasture access, use and managementy by mobile pastoralists in Azerbaijan
11 Mar 2020

Perupok Coastal Fishery, Malaysia

Case
Perupok is a fishing village in the Bachok district, located on the Kelantan coast of Malaysia. The original study, which was carried out in 1963, catalogues approximately 307 fishermen in the village; the main resource units are jewfish, herring, sea-bream, prawns, mackerel, and anchovy. The fishing community is well structured, fishing activities are well-planned based on the seasons, and the roles of fishing crew and dealers are well-defined. This case study is part of the original Common-...
09 Aug 2016

Petty Harbour Cod Fishery

Case
Petty Harbor is located in a town on the eastern shore of the Avalon Peninsula. The resource appropriated from Petty Harbour Cod Fishery is cod. The author examines the perception of the marine environment by fishers. He compared the fishers of Petty Harbour who remain close to shore and use traps and hand lines with fishers from St. Johns who travel further offshore and use long lines. He found that in general fishers have a selective perception of their environment and primarily focus on...
09 Aug 2016

Pinagbayanan irrigation system

Case
The Pinagbayanan Irrigation System is located in Barrio Pinagbayanan, Laguna in Philippines. The resource appropriated related to the social dilemma is water for irrigation appropriated and distributed by two water pumps and canals that deliver water from the pumps to rice fields, and a gravity irrigation system managed by the National Irrigation Administration. The original case was reported in 1975.This case study is part of the original Common-Pool Resource (CPR) database. A summary of the...
09 Aug 2016

Port Lameron - Pagesville Finfishery

Case
The Pagesville Fishery of Port Lameron Harbor is located on the southern edge of Nova Scotia, Canada. The physical boundaries are consistent with the boundaries of islands and harbors while the institutional boundaries are based on customary usage. The resource units appropriated include lobster and demersal fish. The fishermen cooperate to control access to and appropriation from the resource system. Inshore fishing (mixed finfish and lobster) is the economic mainstay. Pagesville fishers often...
09 Aug 2016

Port Lameron - Pagesville Lobsterfishery

Case
The Pagesville Fishery of Port Lameron Harbor is located on the southern edge of Nova Scotia, Canada. The physical boundaries are consistent with the boundaries of islands and harbors while the institutional boundaries are based on customary usage. The resource units appropriated include lobster and demersal fish. The fishermen cooperate to control access to and appropriation from the resource system. Inshore fishing (mixed finfish and lobster) is the economic mainstay. Pagesville fishers often...
09 Aug 2016

Port Lameron Lobster Fishery II, Nova Scotia, Canada

Case
Since this original case, much of the Atlantic Canadian fisheries have been reduced to a fraction of historical levels. In Port Lameron, very few harvesters fish for groundfish (cod, haddock, pollock, hake), swordfish, or tuna. The collapse of the Codfishery has been attributed to many issues, including scientific uncertainty, government policies to increase employment in the area, and subsidies to increase fishing capacity, and the inability of enforcement to stop foreign trawlers from...
09 Aug 2016

Port Phillip Bay Scallop Fishery

Case
Port Phillip Bay is a large bay in southern Victoria, Australia.The resource appropriated from Port Phillip Bay are scallops. In this case study, the authors describe the scallop fishery and the evolution of its management system after stocks declined. Over time rules such as licenses, individual quotas, and closed seasons have been introduced to manage the resource. This case was part of the original CPR database developed in the 1980s by Edella Schlager and Shui Yan Tang at Indiana...
09 Aug 2016

Pumpa Irrigation System, Central region, Nepal

Case
The Pumpa Irrigation System draws water from the Pumpa river to serve approximately 120 households.  It is a "north-south" system and is in an area with relatively steep terrain.  This case was analyzed using a stylized dynamic model to assess its capacity to cope with new challenges from global change.  The model suggested that the adaptive water allocation rules used by the community (sequential, 12 and 24 hour rotations) could significanty enhance the robustness of the system to increased...
09 Aug 2016

Quintana Roo lobster fishery, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Case
The Quintana Roo lobster fisheries are located on the eastern (Caribbean) side of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and stretch along the nearly 900 km of coastline from the border with Belize in the south to the Gulf of Mexico in the north. The original case study divides the fishery into three regions: north, central and south and is based on fieldwork conducted from mid-1978 to mid-1980.  It catalogues an action situation involving approx. 643 cooperative fishermen; lobster is the stationary...
09 Aug 2016