Case Studies of Social-Ecological Systems

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Type

Hydraulic Fracturing Governance, Pennsylvania

Case
Pennsylvania is the second largest national producer of natural gas. Within the natural gas system individuals have the right to lease mineral rights granting production companies the capability to extract the resource. This accessibility coupled with the widespread nature of spillover effects serves as the basis for this common pool resource study, for externalities are not limited to users of the resource.With the federal government obstaining from hyrdaulic fracturing regulation,...
18 Nov 2018

Information Provision about Algae Biocrude Innovation

Case
This case focuses on information provision by Sapphire Energy that is therefore a part of the innovation feedback system. This information is a public good because this is the information that is available for collective action. Innovation information primarily exists in other forms such as private goods and club goods, but this information cannot be used to inform our common future.  It is the provision of this public good that is the subject of analysis because it provides insight into the...
09 Aug 2016

Institutional Analysis of the Colorado River Delta

Case
The Colorado River delta is significantly degraded due to a history of infrastructure building resulting in changed water flows, the rise of agriculture in the semi-arid American west, increasing urbanization and over-allocation of limited reserves of water. These factors have been explored in details in this case.
09 Aug 2016

Institutional Analysis of Tourism system from a Commons Perspective in Upper Mustang, Nepal

Case
Before the introduction of tourism, people of Upper Mustang subsisted on only three occupations: agriculture, animal husbandry, and petty trans-Himalayan trade. The Upper Mustang region of Nepal has long been a tourist destination, especially for the westerners. Once popularly known as a Lost Kingdom of Nepal, this region is located in the rain-shadowed with harsh climatic conditions, but evokes a mystical and exotic image for tourists because of its unique landscapes and rich cultural heritage...
05 Dec 2018

Institutional features of fishery catch shares

Case
Catch shares are becoming an increasingly common mechanism to manage fishery harvests.  This case represents an analysis of the general institutional features of catch shares.  
09 Aug 2016

Irrigation water management in the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin, Peru

Case
The resource appropriated from the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin is water for irrigation. There are two groups of farmers. One groups is located upstream the main canal of the system, and the second groups downstream. Upstream users are freeriding from the canal: They do not pay for the infrastructure maintenance, and at the same time they appropriate water without any formal regulation. Downstream farmers are members of an irrigation association and follow their rules. The national water law...
09 Aug 2016

Irrigation watercourse in Punjab Province

Case
 The irrigation system being studied is located in the state of Punjab in Pakistan. The resource appropriated is water for irrigation. The authors find that farmers operate their irrigation system under a contradictory system of de jure and de facto rules. Illegal trading of water among farmers occurs frequently. Farmers use extra-legal means to obtain increased water supplies through bribes to Canal Department officials. Farmers organize predominately around brotherhood or kinship groups...
09 Aug 2016

Irrigation watercourse, "Area Four", Taiwan

Case
The resource appropriated from this watercourse in Area Four (actual names of communities removed in case study) is water for irrigation. At the beginning of the study, the authors describe a moderate shortage of biological and physical resources withdrawn compared to the number of units available. Area Four has irrigation associations run by full-time officials, although there used to be farmers' representative committees, but at the time of the study they were temporarily suspended. There are...
09 Aug 2016

Irrigation watercourse, "Area One", Pakistan

Case
The resource appropriated from this watercourse in Area One (actual names of communities were removed in the case study) is water for irrigation. Area One is a large irrigation system managed by a government bureaucracy. There are no formal organizations at the watercourse level, though informal arrangements exist in all watercourses for mobilizing farmers to carry out maintenance on a communal basis. The system as a whole is not managed effectively. There are over 5000 total appropriator teams...
09 Aug 2016

Jambudwip Marine Fishery, India

Case
Jambudwip, an island in the Bay of Bengal, is located about 7 miles to the southwest of Bakkhali in the South 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. The original case, which spans from 1967-1968, catalogues an action situation involving approximately 243 fishermen in the village; the resource unit are demersal and midwater fish species. The boundary is based on traditional use and technology limitations. Two distinct types of institutional arrangements exist among the...
09 Aug 2016

Kagodo myok grounds II, South Korea

Case
This case is an update on a prior case study about the Kagodo myok (seaweed) grounds (Case No. 86) analyzing Sang-Bok Han’s 1972 Ph.D. dissertation on field work conducted in three South Korean fishing communities from 1968 to 1972.  For purposes of this report, the SES study boundaries were expanded to include the entire South Korean coastal area and the fishery resources surrounding the peninsula extending 200 nautical miles to the east, south, and west.  Update prepared by Ute Brady,...
09 Aug 2016

Kampong Mee Trawl Fishery, Malaysia

Case
Kampong Mee is a fishing community that is located near the urban areas of Penang and several other fishing ports in Malaysia. The original case, which was published in 1977, catalogues approximately 2,000 inhabitants and 150 boats; the resource unit is demersal fish. Overfishing is the main common pool resource problem. In an attempt to limit overfishing, six co-operatvies were established. Co-operative committee heads are appointed by the government and were established to manage the...
09 Aug 2016

Kenya Community Water Projects

Case
Community-based water governance systems from the Mt. Kenya region in central Kenya.This study focused on women's participation and contributions to water governance in central Kenya as an outcome of a national gender quota, requiring no more than two-thirds of a publically-elected to consist of a single gender.
11 Mar 2020

Kheri irrigation system, Sonjo village, Ngorongoro district, Tanzania

Case
The case of Kheri Irrigation takes place in Sonjo village of Kheri and its adjacent farmlands within the Ngorongoro district of the Arusah region in Tanzania. The resource appropriated is water flowing from a stream, three springs, furrows, and sluices that supply water for irrigation and domestic uses. The boundaries of the location are defined by the village settlement and the land owned by the village people. There are a total of 101-200 formally organized appropriator teams. After Gray's (...
09 Aug 2016

Kottapalle open-field husbandry and canal irrigation, Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, South India

Case
Located in the Nowk valley in Kurnool district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in South India, Kottapalle has an area of 4,600 acres. The village is in the tail-end of a 20-mile irrigation canal. The original research was conducted from 1980 to 1982. The state Irrigation Department is responsible for regulating water allocation between each outlet between each village from the canal. The local council is responsible for distribution of water to fields in the village.  Also,...
09 Aug 2016