Case Studies of Social-Ecological Systems

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Type

Calaoaan irrigation system, Calaoaan, Villa Laurencia, and Gabor barrios, Santa Cruz municipality, Ilocos Sur, Philippines

Case
The resource appropriated is water for irrigation, and the system is comprised of a network of canals that divert water from the Canayon Creek to farms situated in three barrios of the municipality of Santa Cruz in Ilocos Sur, Philippines: Calaoaan, Villa Laurencia, and Gabor. There are 51-100 total appropriator teams appropriating from the resource who are always formally organized. The system is used to cultivate rice during the wet season from July to December. During the dry season, the...
09 Aug 2016

Cat Harbour Cod Fishery, Newfoundland, Canada

Case
Cat Harbour (now known as Lumsden) was a rural fishing community located on a peninsula stretching into the Atlantic off the northeastern coast of Newfoundland, Canada. The original case study is based on fieldwork conducted from 1964-1965 and catalogues an action situation involving 72 active fishermen during the summer cod-trapping season and 38 active fishermen exploiting the late summer/fall cod fishing grounds. The community is described as homogenous and egalitarian with a pronounced...
09 Aug 2016

Caye Caulker Lobsterfishing

Case
Caye Caulker is a small coral island located 15 miles o the northeastern coast of Belize. Boundaries are drawn based on natural barriers such as the barrier reef, that lies to the east of the Caribbean Sea. The set of individuals who have rights to withdraw from this resource were well-de ned at the time of the study. When the case was documented, the appropriators were attempting to exercise de facto closed access to the lobster fishery. The resource appropriated...
09 Aug 2016

Channel Islands National Park Marine Protected Areas

Case
 Marine sanctuary waters include 1,128 square nautical miles from mean high tide to 6 nautical miles offshore San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa, and Santa Barbara Islands. Warm and cool currents support a great variety of flora and fauna, including giant kelp, fish and invertebrates, marine birds, pinnipeds, and cetaceans. The key resources (natural infrastructure) in the system are the marine food web. The key shared resource relevant to the commons dilemma faced by the...
30 Nov 2018

Chap Bot Ko Kulo (Beltari Fant Ko Kulo), Bansbri Village Panchayat, Sindhupalchok District, Nepal

Case
This case is part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati River Basin that participated in an innovative intervention designed to improve irrigation performance not only by improving physical...
09 Aug 2016

Char Hazar Irrigation System (Charhajar), Damauli village, Tanahu district, Nepal

Case
The Char Hazar irrigation system is located in Damauli village in the Tanahu district, about 65 kilometers to the east of Pokhara city in Nepal. The resource unit is the water for irrigation. The primary water source for Char Hazar is Sange Khola, which is a tributary of the Madi River. Farmers share water delivery turn by turn, according to the location of the land along the length of the field channel. Farmers agree on a schedule for maintenance, and labor is mobilized to desilt and clean the...
09 Aug 2016

Chawk 16000L Dhabi Minor irrigation system

Case
The Irrigation System is located in the village Dhabi Kalan, Haryana, India at 100 miles northwest of India. The resource appropriated related to the social dilemma is water for irrigation that flows through a canal to a command area. The original cases were reported in 1980 by two authors. One author (Vander Velde 1980) argues that the irrigation system has benefited the dominant caste, Jat, more than other poorer castes in Dhabi Kalan. Another researcher, Reidinger (1980), suggests that...
09 Aug 2016

Chhahare Khola Ko Kulo, Baruwa village Panchayat, Dindhu Palchok district, Nepal

Case
This case was part of the original CPR database developed in the 1980s by Edella Schlager and Shui Yan Tang at Indiana University. This case is also part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati...
09 Aug 2016

Chherlung Thulo Kulo irrigation system, Baugha Gumha Panchayat, Palpa District, southern Nepal

Case
The The resource appropriated from Chherlung Thulo Kulo Irrigation is water for irrigation as well as for domestic use in the village of Baugha Gumha Panchayat in Palpa District in the Lumbini Zone of southern Nepal, 10 km . Regarding the use of the irrigation system, there were few adverse affects throughout the entire period in the relationships among appropriation processes. This case study is part of the original Common-Pool Resource (CPR) database. A summary of the original CPR coding...
09 Aug 2016

Chholang Khet Ko Kulo, Dubachaur Village Panchayat, Sindhupalchok District, Nepal

Case
This case is part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati River Basin that participated in an innovative intervention designed to improve irrigation performance not only by improving physical...
09 Aug 2016

Chiangmai irrigation system, Chiangmai Villages Two and One, Chiangmai Province, Thailand

Case
This case was part of the original CPR database developed in the 1980s by Edella Schlager and Shui Yan Tang at Indiana University. The resource appropriated from the Chiangmai Irrigation system is water. The head of the irrigation system has two assistant heads, with whom he consults on crucial matters concerning the system. There is a second level of leadership which consists of the heads of each major canal. At the third level of leadership are the village irrigation headmen, who are in...
09 Aug 2016

Chiguana Fishery, Venezuela

Case
Chiguana is a small Venezuelan community on lower end of the Gulf of Cariaco, on the northern shore. The original study, which was carried out in 1971, catalogues an action situation with approximately 343 residents. At the time of the original case, the fishery was in decline due to deterioration of the fishing zone and market conditions. The key resource is fish, principally M. lisa. The fishery of interest was used mostly by the immediate community but was embedded within a national,...
09 Aug 2016

Chilika Lake Traditional and Prawn Fishery (pre-1990s and 1990 to 1997), India

Case
Chilika Lake is located in Orissa, India, and extends from the city of Bhusandpur in the north to the city of Rambha-Mulad in the south.  The lake follows the coastal margins of the Bay of Bengal and is approximately 64 km long, 20 km wide, and encompasses an area of approximately 1,165 km2.  The Lake’s resources support circa 200,000 people living in 141 villages in the vicinity of the lake.  The users rely on a variety of lake resources for their livelihoods.  The case study involves two...
09 Aug 2016

Chisasibi - James Bay Fishery, Canada

Case
Chisasibi, formerly the island community of Fort George, is located on the eastern coast of James Bay, about 620 miles north of Montreal in the Canadian subarctic. The original case, which spans from 1974-1976, catalogues an action situation involving approximately 1,600 resident native people and 225 nonnatives. The resource units are two species of Coregonus fish: whitefish and cisco. The communal management of the fishery is successful in that there are no pollution and overuse problems. The...
09 Aug 2016

Coastal vulnerability to climate change in Cornwall, United Kingdom

Case
Cornwall is located in southwest England on the Cornish peninsula. It stretches between the cities of Bude and Plymouth in the north and Penzance and Falmouth in the south. The study area encompasses numerous communities of various sizes in the coastal and inland areas, including within the Tamar catchment along the rivers Camel, Fowey, Looe, as well as coastal lagoons and basins, and a mix of freshwater and brackish wetlands. The Cornwall study site is catalogued by an action arena in which: (...
09 Aug 2016