Case Studies of Social-Ecological Systems

Titlesort ascending
Type

Chhahare Khola Ko Kulo, Baruwa village Panchayat, Dindhu Palchok district, Nepal

Case
This case was part of the original CPR database developed in the 1980s by Edella Schlager and Shui Yan Tang at Indiana University. This case is also part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati...
09 Aug 2016

Chawk 16000L Dhabi Minor irrigation system

Case
The Irrigation System is located in the village Dhabi Kalan, Haryana, India at 100 miles northwest of India. The resource appropriated related to the social dilemma is water for irrigation that flows through a canal to a command area. The original cases were reported in 1980 by two authors. One author (Vander Velde 1980) argues that the irrigation system has benefited the dominant caste, Jat, more than other poorer castes in Dhabi Kalan. Another researcher, Reidinger (1980), suggests that...
09 Aug 2016

Char Hazar Irrigation System (Charhajar), Damauli village, Tanahu district, Nepal

Case
The Char Hazar irrigation system is located in Damauli village in the Tanahu district, about 65 kilometers to the east of Pokhara city in Nepal. The resource unit is the water for irrigation. The primary water source for Char Hazar is Sange Khola, which is a tributary of the Madi River. Farmers share water delivery turn by turn, according to the location of the land along the length of the field channel. Farmers agree on a schedule for maintenance, and labor is mobilized to desilt and clean the...
09 Aug 2016

Chap Bot Ko Kulo (Beltari Fant Ko Kulo), Bansbri Village Panchayat, Sindhupalchok District, Nepal

Case
This case is part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati River Basin that participated in an innovative intervention designed to improve irrigation performance not only by improving physical...
09 Aug 2016

Channel Islands National Park Marine Protected Areas

Case
 Marine sanctuary waters include 1,128 square nautical miles from mean high tide to 6 nautical miles offshore San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa, and Santa Barbara Islands. Warm and cool currents support a great variety of flora and fauna, including giant kelp, fish and invertebrates, marine birds, pinnipeds, and cetaceans. The key resources (natural infrastructure) in the system are the marine food web. The key shared resource relevant to the commons dilemma faced by the...
30 Nov 2018

Caye Caulker Lobsterfishing

Case
Caye Caulker is a small coral island located 15 miles o the northeastern coast of Belize. Boundaries are drawn based on natural barriers such as the barrier reef, that lies to the east of the Caribbean Sea. The set of individuals who have rights to withdraw from this resource were well-de ned at the time of the study. When the case was documented, the appropriators were attempting to exercise de facto closed access to the lobster fishery. The resource appropriated...
09 Aug 2016

Cat Harbour Cod Fishery, Newfoundland, Canada

Case
Cat Harbour (now known as Lumsden) was a rural fishing community located on a peninsula stretching into the Atlantic off the northeastern coast of Newfoundland, Canada. The original case study is based on fieldwork conducted from 1964-1965 and catalogues an action situation involving 72 active fishermen during the summer cod-trapping season and 38 active fishermen exploiting the late summer/fall cod fishing grounds. The community is described as homogenous and egalitarian with a pronounced...
09 Aug 2016

Calaoaan irrigation system, Calaoaan, Villa Laurencia, and Gabor barrios, Santa Cruz municipality, Ilocos Sur, Philippines

Case
The resource appropriated is water for irrigation, and the system is comprised of a network of canals that divert water from the Canayon Creek to farms situated in three barrios of the municipality of Santa Cruz in Ilocos Sur, Philippines: Calaoaan, Villa Laurencia, and Gabor. There are 51-100 total appropriator teams appropriating from the resource who are always formally organized. The system is used to cultivate rice during the wet season from July to December. During the dry season, the...
09 Aug 2016

Cadchog irrigation system, Bontoc municipality, Philippines

Case
Cadchog Irrigation takes place in the Bontoc municipality, Mountain Province, Philippines. The resource appropriated is water for irrigation. At the beginning of the period, there was an apparently balanced supply of biological and physical resources withdrawn compared to the number of units available. The irrigation system can generally provide enough water to the appropriators. There is no formal organization to manage this system, although two women have been appointed as leaders. There are...
09 Aug 2016

Brander-Taylor model and variations

Case
Brander-Taylor Easter Island Model and its variations. Brander and Taylor (1998) summarizes the background of the model as the following. Easter Island (also called Rapa Nui) is a small Pacific island over 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from the coast of Chile, with a population (as of the early 1990's) of about 2,100. For the past two centuries, Easter Island has been regarded as a major archaeological and anthropological mystery. In particular, the Polynesian civilization in place at the time of...
09 Aug 2016

Bondar Parhudagar irrigation system, Lintong ni Huta, Balige subdistrict, Indonesia

Case
Bondar Parhudagar Irrigation system is one of the six small irrigation systems located in Lintong ni Huta of The subdistrict of Balige in Indonesia. The resource appropriated related to the social dilemma is water for irrigation .  The original case was reported in 1979 and catalogues an action situation involving less than 10 members that belongs to one family (descendants of the founder of the irrigation system). This case study is part of the original Common-Pool Resource (CPR) database. A...
09 Aug 2016

Bison Management in the Jackson Hole Valley, Wyoming, USA

Case
The Bison management case in the Grand Teton National Park (GTNP) is a new case that will be integrated into the Common Pool-Resource (CPR) database. The Jackson Hole Valley (JHV) is a prime example of an iconic place. The natural environment surrounding the town of Jackson, Wyoming, is the resource system upon which wildlife and human settlements rely. This natural environment provides numerous streams of goods and services to all wildlife and many interested subgroups. For many of these...
09 Aug 2016

Biodiversity, resilience and the control of ecological-economic systems: the case of fire-driven rangelands

Case
This case explores semi-arid rangelands which may exist in varying degrees as grassland and woodlands.  Depending partly on the soil conditions, more sandy favoring woodlands and more clay favoring grasslands, as well as the behavior of fire and herbivores, an optimally controlled management of this environment looks at the interaction of these elements. In particular, the time horizon of the management planning can heavily influence paths and conditions of the system.
28 Sep 2016

Biodiversity, resilience and the control of ecological-economic systems: the case of fire-driven rangelands

Case
This paper advances a model to assess how grazing pressure in rangelands may lead to change in the ecological state of the range with a particular focus on fire-dependent semi-arid rangelands. The impact of management decisions on fire-dependent grasslands, such as active fire suppression policies or the incidental fire suppression effect caused by allocating higher stock densities, serve to reduce the build-up of fuel loads, inhibit fire and its regulating effect on shrub growth. The loss or...
12 Oct 2021

Bhanjyang Tar Ko Kulo, Bansbri and Bhote Panchayat, Sindhupalchok District, Nepal

Case
This case is part of the original Nepal Irrigation Institutions and Systems (NIIS) database developed in the 1980's by a team of researchers under the direction of Dr. Elinor Ostrom at Indiana University. In addition, this case is also part of a longitudinal study that has repeatedly investigated 19 farmer-managed irrigation systems (FMIS) in the Indrawati River Basin that participated in an innovative intervention designed to improve irrigation performance not only by improving physical...
09 Aug 2016